Zimbabwe's founder Robert Mugabe has been honoured as an icon, principled leader and African intellectual giant at a state funeral after a week of disputes over his burial threatened to embarrass President Emmerson Mnangagwa.
Mugabe led Zimbabwe for 37 years, from independence until he was ousted by the army in November 2017, by which time he was viewed by many at home and abroad as a power-obsessed autocrat who unleashed death squads, rigged elections and ruined the economy to keep control.
He died in a Singapore hospital on September 6 aged 95, far away from a country he left polarised by a raging political rivalry between its two largest political parties, ZANU-PF and the opposition MDC.
His remains will be interred in a mausoleum at the National Heroes Acre in the capital Harare in about 30 days, his nephew said on Friday, contradicting earlier comments that a burial would be held on Sunday.
On Saturday, Mnangagwa walked behind the casket carrying Mugabe's body as it was wheeled into the centre of Harare's National Sports Stadium so heads of state could say their farewells.
Senior army generals and Mugabe's wife and children followed, as a brass band played.
The 60,000-seat stadium was only half-filled.
In a tribute to his predecessor, Mnangagwa said Mugabe stood in defence of Africans. He urged the West to remove sanctions that were imposed during Mugabe's rule.
Mnangagwa and the ruling ZANU-PF party wanted Mugabe buried at the national shrine to heroes of the 15-year liberation war against white minority rule. But some relatives, expressing bitterness at the way former comrades ousted Mugabe, had pushed for him to be buried in his home village.
Walter Chidhakwa, who spoke on behalf of Mugabe's family, said Mugabe was an icon who was determined and unflinching in pursuing policies like land reform and later the black economic empowerment program.
South African President Cyril Ramaphosa was booed by the crowd in the stadium after a wave of deadly riots and xenophobic attacks in South Africa earlier this month that triggered international anger. The attacks mainly targeted shops owned by African migrants.
The master of ceremony was forced to appeal to the crowd to give Ramaphosa a chance to speak.
"I stand before you as a fellow African to express my regret and to apologise for what has happened in our country," Ramaphosa said, to cheering from the crowd.
Kenya's Uhuru Kenyatta called Mugabe an intellectual giant, "a visionary leader and a relentless champion of African dignity".
Other heads of state who attended Saturday's funeral included long-ruling leaders from Equatorial Guinea and Congo while China, Russia and Cuba, which supported Zimbabwe's liberation movements that fought white minority rule, were represented by officials.
Prominent officials from Western countries, which were critical of Mugabe's rule, did not feature in the official funeral program.
Mnangagwa led heads of state in viewing Mugabe's body, which was followed by a military 21-gun salute to honour the late leader.
Australian Associated Press